What does Mycelium mean?
A mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus, and is made up of white or cream colored fungal threads or filaments that are known as hyphae. The size of a single mycelium ranges from being very minuscule to being as widespread as a forest. The branching mycelium masses, typically found underground, can form a massive network. More than 8 miles (13 km) of hyphal filaments can sometimes be found in one cubic inch (2.54 cubic centimeters) of soil.
Mycelia are highly important to the ecosystem as they help to decompose organic material. Acting as biological filters, they have the ability to eradicate pollutants like petroleum products and pesticides.
Mycelium may also be known as mycelia (plural form).
More on Mycelium
Mycelia have masses of hyphae called shiro, and such fungal colonies are located beneath or on the soil or substrate (any biotic or abiotic surface on which an organism grows). Since mycelia consist of rigid cell walls, they can move through the soil or other substrate relatively easily. When two compatible mycelia join, they may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms.
Mycelia are finger-like structures that grow outward to search for water and nutrients to meet the fungi body’s needs. They break down nutrients into monomers and then absorb them via facilitated diffusion and active transport.
Fungoid mycelia partake in symbiotic relationships with green plants by helping them reach water and nutrient supplies from the wider environment.
Mycelia even aid in pest control because they compete with bacteria and viruses underground and produce toxins to get rid of them. Mycelia are also used as micro-pesticides to control pests such as ants, termites, and beetles. Since mycelia do negligible damage to the environment they can serve as effective long-term natural pest control mechanisms. Mycelial formations are highly beneficial to horticulturalists and the natural environment.