What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?
Cannabidiol or CBD is one of the 113 active compounds inside hemp and cannabis plants. These compounds belong to molecules called phytocannabinoids. Cannabinoids determine the type of effect on the body. When certain cannabinoids, like THC or Cannabidiol, or any group of cannabinoids bind to specialized CB1 and CB2 receptors; the cell triggers notifying there is a change in cell activity.
Unlike other cannabinoids, CBD does not directly signal these special receptors, instead, it has an indirect effect on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBD stimulates the body’s natural endogenous cannabinoids which send signals to activate those receptors to do their job naturally. CB1 receptors are in the nervous system, glands, organs and connective tissue. CB2 receptors have an effect on the immune system and your functioning health.
A CBD-like molecule is also created naturally by the human body. 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) has the same neuromodulatory effects as CBD. 2-AG has been detected in human breast milk and, like CBD acts as an agonist to the CB1 receptor.
Overall, CBD affects the body through its interaction with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Found in all mammals, the endocannabinoid system is tasked with regulating a wide variety of bodily functions – such as mood, appetite, sleep, hormone production, and even nervous and immune system responses. The endocannabinoid system is regularly modulating these functions in an effort to keep the body in homeostasis, helping users to feel and function at their best.
Products made with CBD are safe to use by all members of your family. CBD is non-toxic and non-psychoactive, even at high levels, and carries no significant side effects.
The natural cannabinoids within your body work with these receptors to prevent your nervous system from misfiring or acting defectively. Natural cannabinoid deficiency will lead to negative effects on your body’s nervous system and body as a whole. Your body needs cannabinoids when endocannabinoid deficient just like when you take vitamin D for bone strength. This is because our body needs the right balance of cannabinoids to keep your nervous system and body in good health.
Many describe CBD as being like THC, just without the psychoactive effects. Although this is true, CBD works as an endocannabinoid modular. This means when a disease starts to take over your body it will create an imbalance within a body system. The CBD then works to get those systems to balance back to where they should be; healthy, working condition.
Although CBD is in the marijuana plant, you should look for a CBD company that uses pure hemp-derived CBD isolate that contains minimal amounts of THC. Many companies now get their CBD straight from industrial hemp farms that produce pure and clean, testing above 99 percent, CBD isolate.
The cannabinoids attach to specific receptors to provide effects to the: hippocampus for memory and learning, cerebral cortex for decision making and emotional behavior, cerebellum for motor control and coordination, putamen for movement and learning, hypothalamus for body temperature and appetite, and amygdala for emotions.
Research shows that CBD binds enzymes to provide anti-seizure, anti-inflammatory and pain relief on other receptors like; vanilloid, adenosine and serotonin that target pain, inflammation, movement and cognition.
In conclusion, the vanilloid receptor also known as TRPV1 regulates inflammation, body temperature and pain perception when bound with CBD. These receptors detect a large range of temperatures. This is the same receptor that is triggered when you eat a habanero pepper or something with spice.
Scientific and clinical research—much of it sponsored by the US government—underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic pain, schizophrenia, PTSD, depression, antibiotic-resistant infections, epilepsy, and other neurological disorders. CBD has demonstrable neuroprotective and neurogenic effects, and its anti-cancer properties are currently being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere. Further evidence suggests that CBD is safe even at high doses.